DIRECT DETECTION TECHNOLOGY™
Evolution of DDT™ Surveys
Direct Detection Technology™ (DDT™) is the revolutionary three-stage technology of Oil and Gas Discoverer, LLC (OGD) for direct detection and delineation of minerals and hydrocarbon-bearing formations in the subsurface of the earth.
DDT™ is a revolutionary technology for exploring the earth from space using satellite images and from inside aircraft, usually helicopters, or directly on the surface of the earth to identify and precisely locate oil and gas, as well as other earth mineral deposits.
With the initiation of DDT™ surveys, OGD is provided a Customer defined area with specified geographical coordinates, which is defined in a contract indicating cost and timing for the completion of the DDT™Stage One Survey and Final Report.
DDT™ Stage One Surveys are the initial identification of anomalous mineral or hydrocarbon-bearing deposits in the subsurface on a Customer defined area based on data obtained from satellite images.
DDT™ Stage Two Surveys are field expeditions (usually a helicopter or ground based surveys) of the anomalous deposits on the Customer defined area with data processing included in a Final Report. The report will include the presence of hydrocarbon-bearing formations and potential drilling recommendations for hydrocarbon-bearing zones.
With the data obtained from a thoroughly analyzed DDT™ Stage Two Survey, OGD can provide information on the exact location of deposit outlines and bedding depth of productive hydrocarbon horizons.
In the Final Report, OGD will inform the Customer of the depths, thicknesses, and perimeters of the most productive hydrocarbon-bearing formations identified by DDT™ points of highest concentration of radiation with suggested points for drilling exploration wells.
Performing the DDT™ Stage Two Survey makes it possible to correct the contours of the anomalies due to intrinsic emissions of hydrocarbons obtained during the DDT™Stage One Survey, rank them in terms of significance, and predict the results of drilling at sites with a probability accuracy of greater than ninety-two percent (92%).
If a Customer determines to continue the exploration effort by drilling a wildcat well, OGD will offer the Customer a DDT™ Stage Three Survey in which OGD will send a specialist to walk the area of the selected drilling location with a special set of DDT™ field equipment and will put a stake in the ground for an OGD recommended drilling equipment (rig) location.
Continue Evolution of DDT™ Surveys
The latest addition to the OGD DDT™ satellite surveys is our OGD DDT™ Star One and Star Two Surveys introduced in 2018. The DDT™ Star One Survey has been developed to evaluate the occurrence of hydrocarbons and/or mineral deposits for very large (i.e., 10,000 to 100,000 km2) prospects. The satellite images utilized in the Star One Surveys are of a lower resolution; however, OGD remains capable of identifying hydrocarbon flashes at a high level of accuracy. These hydrocarbon flashes are indicative of areas with possible locations of hydrocarbon deposits in the subsurface versus areas with non-existent hydrocarbons and/or mineral deposits. The DDT™ Star One Survey was specially designed and has been successfully implemented on shore and off shore areas in different parts of the world.
The DDT™ Star One Survey is followed by DDT™ Star Two Surveys. This entails additional use of low-resolution satellite images to better define the hydrocarbon and/or mineral anomalies in areas with prospects limited in areal extent of 1,000 to 10,000 km2. The DDT™Star Two Surveys are followed by DDT™ Stage One Surveys using high-resolution satellite images utilized to continue the more precise identification and delineation of hydrocarbon and mineral deposits in the subsurface defined by the Star One and Star Two Surveys.
In 2020, OGD added Star Three Survey - a new algorithm for more detailed analysis of data collected by Star One and Star Two Surveys. Star Three's analyses improve localization of the concentration of hydrocarbon anomalies with highest IR level. Star Three Survey results usually significantly minimize areas for Star One Survey.
A Customer engaged OGD to survey one of the states in the United States to find new prospective development prospects. OGD scientists decided to apply the DDT™ Star One and Star Two Surveys to large areas (~38,000.00 km2 or ~9.4 million acres) in the State of Oklahoma. These areas are essentially devoid of hydrocarbon producing wells and coalbed methane areas (see Figure 1). The three areas chosen for the DDT™ Star Surveys are identified as S, S-E, and E, with S consisting of ~7,766 km2, S-E consisting of ~19,025 km2, and E consisting of ~11,006 km2.
The results of the DDT™ Star One Survey are presented in Figure 2 with distinct hydrocarbon flashes recorded in all three of the OGD chosen areas to be surveyed. As stated before, these DDT™ Star One data indicate the possible locations of hydrocarbon deposits.
As can be seen in the Figure 3, the DDT™Star Two Surveys support the discoveries from the DDT™ Star One Survey as well as a correlation with data from nearby existing oil and gas fields enabling OGD to define the three areas – S, S-E, and E.
OGD eliminated areas of Oklahoma with existing oil and gas fields and surveyed ~38,000 km2 (~9.39 million acres) using our new low-resolution satellite imagery for lower costs and less time consuming DDT™Star One and Two Surveys. The results of the data analysis and grading of hydrocarbon anomalies reduced the original area by about 70%. With the recommended prospective three areas for further more detailed DDT™ Stage One, Two, and Three Surveys, the overall surveyed area is reduced to ~10,200 km2 (~2.52 million acres).
As shown on Figure 5, OGD recommends with a high probability of success that on the purple polygons labeled SS, SS-E and SE the Customer will find significant amounts of hydrocarbons based on additional DDT™ Stage One, Two, and Three Surveys.
DDT™ Stage Two Survey Data Analysis and Presentation
With the DDT™ Stage Two Survey data analysis and based on the scale of intrinsic radiation levels, OGD uses a primary designation of five colors with the lower white color indicating essentially background noise.
Based on the use of a maximum intrinsic radiation amplitude of 3.0, OGD has a proprietary way to analyze and grade levels of productive horizons in the subsurface, which includes the following:
Color №1 (Red) - Maximum level of intensity of subatomic particles of intrinsic self-radiation from the hydrocarbon formations. This level would have the highest output and commercial efficiency in the surveyed area.
Color №2 (Blue) – Moderate level of intensity of subatomic particles of intrinsic self-radiation from the hydrocarbon formations. Moderate level is classified as with 50%-70% productivity level compared to level red.
Color №3 (Green) – Below the average level of intensity of subatomic particles intrinsic self-radiation from hydrocarbon formations. Below average level has weak hydrocarbon and water mixed formations and is classified as 10% productivity level from top level red.
Color №4 (Yellow) – Weak but higher than background (white) level of intensity of subatomic particles intrinsic self-radiation from formations with mixed low presence of hydrocarbons signals.
Performing the DDT™ Stage Two Survey makes it possible to correct the contours of the anomalies due to intrinsic emissions of hydrocarbons obtained during the DDT™ Stage One Survey, rank them in terms of significance, and predict the successful results of drilling at sites with a probability accuracy of greater than 92%.
Based on the data obtained during the DDT™ Stage Two Survey, OGD will typically complete a Final Report with identification of the location of the highest hydrocarbon “intrinsic radiation” anomalies, a 3D presentation of the hydrocarbon deposit or deposits with the depth, perimeter, and approximate size of the deposit or deposits as well as specification of drilling locations and anticipated depth estimations for encountering the hydrocarbon deposit or deposits. An example of a 3D presentation of the hydrocarbon deposits with depths in meters is presented below.
The practical experience of OGD and our goal for DDT™ Stage Two Survey estimation of productive hydrocarbon horizons depths to tops and bottoms could have errors of approximately five to seven percent (5% to 7%), which depths estimations have been acceptable to our Customers. In addition, OGD consistently provides Customers with information and presence of productive hydrocarbon-bearing horizons with an accuracy of as much as ninety-five percent (95%). The 3D block diagrams show the estimated depths and thicknesses of the potential hydrocarbon productive horizons up to 4.5 kilometers or about 15,000 feet. Each horizon has its color correlated with the graded level of self-radiation intensity.
A more simple 3D block diagram indicates the presence of only four hydrocarbon-bearing horizons with their thickness and relative depth from 0.5 to 4.2 kilometers.
DDT™ Surveys Completed in 2017-2020 outside the United States:
Kazakhstan - WORLD OIL MAGAZINE ARTICLE
DDT™ Surveys Completed in 2017-2020 inside the United States:
New Mexico (1)
South Dakota (1)
(1)* = equal to number of DDT™ Surveys in that state